Officially a graduate, and a Master of Business Administration!

Last day of the MBA: Mixed feelings. So happy to get at the end of this challenging journey, but also sad to have to close this chapter of my life and say goodbye to many good friends.

It’s time now to start writing the next chapter of my life and catch the great opportunities in front of me that I have been working for. This MBA has been so much more than a degree but a life changing experience.

These last 18 months have been a tremendous adventure. Now it’s over, but the important thing is that the end of an experience leaves a memory so good that it lives in the heart. I’m so grateful to all of the people that have crossed my path ! This has probably been the best 2 years of my life!

Thank you so much to all the people that have been supporting me during the whole process. First of all I want to thank my wife for her unconditional support! She probably deserves this degree even more than I do. She has been there at all times: encouraging me in though moments, preparing good food, raising our son, waking up at night for the baby in order to give me a few more hours of sleep, … I want to thank her so much for that.

These two years have probably been the most difficult one of my life in terms of hard work. But they have certainly also been one of the most beautiful ! Special thank to C2 family for spending the journey together, working hard and binding long lasting friendships together ! You have allowed me to grow personally and professionnally thanks to all your different characters that were all examples to me !

I also have special thoughts to all the friends I have been spending time outside of class hours. Were it in the mountains close to Barcelona or at the other side of the Atlantic. Thanks for following me in my crazy ideas, even if sometimes I’m a bit too crazy and I end up breaking my arm 😉

I can’t omit mentioning the IESE Entrepreneurs’ Club. Running this club and putting all my energy for making IESE Business School a little bit more entrepreneurial was a challenging bet. But along the process I must admit that I had the chance to meet with amazing people from IESE and outside of IESE that really inspired me and gave me the energy to move this forward. I hope that I was able to sow some seeds in the minds of other people showing them the way to start their own business ideas !

Finally I want also to thank all the remarkable individuals of our class who were by my side in so many occasions, from class work, to drinks and long philosophical discussions. It has been a real pleasure meeting you all. After building those friendships our new mission is to stay in touch wherever we decide to go for our next professionnal step.

Thank you to everyone who took this journey with me. I am forever changed.

Social media and the raise of extremism

Wait! What? Extremism and social media in the same sentence seems a bit strange right? Indeed, social media tends to refer to freedom of speech and openness; Extremism on the opposite refer to racism or closed mind, …

Well yes, I see a correlation between the rise of social media and the rise of extremism and I will tell you why! Let me explain you.

The problem of suggestion algorithms

In the old times, when you used to read the newspaper to get informed, or even when you used to watch TV you were bombarded with a lot of information. Some of which was interesting to you, some not. But at least you were aware of what happened in the world in a kind of generic way. Even if you were more interested in the results of the last football championship than in the presidential elections, you could not avoid reading the cover page of the newspaper with the face of your new president. You had still the freedom to chose which TV channel or which newspaper to buy in function of your affinities, but in general you tended to be a little bit informed in an objective way.

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How cybersecurity is playing a role in global geopolitics – ProtonMail case

Global context – Why cybersecurity is more important than ever?

Terrorism, with its footprint in global scale from 9/11 in New York to ISIS Paris attacks, has put security the top issue of governments worldwide. The Paris attacker’s final text message claiming the start of the attacks, which was founded in the phone dumped near to the attacked place, is a strong argument for strengthening cybersecurity and building up national surveillance.

However, the pervasive secret surveillance programs have given rise to the debate on privacy and the legitimacy of such programs to allow governments to collect private data of citizens, as well as foreigners in some cases, who are not suspected of any connection to terrorism or any wrongdoing. PRISM, the top classified program, is the largest surveillance initiated by the President Bush after 9/11. The whistleblower, Edward Snowden, who was a former NSA (National Security Agency) contractor, has risked his career and life to challenge the privacy as one of the fundamental human rights in the digital age. He revealed that the NSA was not only scanning suspicious Americans, but virtually everyone that was communicating on the network.

It’s been nearly three months since Edward Snowden started telling the world about the National Security Agency’s mass surveillance of global communications. But the latest disclosures, by the Guardian, New York Times, and ProPublica are perhaps the most profound yet: the N.S.A. and its partner agency in the United Kingdom, the Government Communications Headquarters, possess significant capabilities to circumvent widely used encryption software in order to access private data. (The New Yorker: How the N.S.A. Cracked the web)

Email, as one of the most important communications channel, has gained a lot of attention in the US presidential campaign in 2017. Especially, the Clinton’s email scandal and Wikileaks about her emails have accelerated the debates about security and privacy. Yet, regardless of the scandal, both Clinton and Trump stated in the campaign that cybersecurity would be top issue to address in their presidential agenda: how to work with tech companies to protect cross-border data flow without jeopardizing citizens’ privacy.

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Artificial intelligence is taking over us!

Will the world champion of Go get beaten by a computer soon?

I try to follow the news about machine learning and artificial intelligence. Recently I saw some interesting news! A computer managed to beat the European champion of Go! It’s not yet the World Champion, but we’re getting there quickly: the challenge is planned for March !

Go is harder than chess, and the concensus among scientists was that this was going to happen in a dozen of years only. The game of Go has long been viewed as the most challenging of classic games for artificial intelligence owing to its enormous search space and the difficulty of evaluating board position and moves. The program combines the recent developments in deep learning and an intelligent research to be several rounds in advance of the other player.

This was published in Nature magazine here.

What about artificial intelligence in Poker?

Texas hold’em (also known as Texas holdem, hold ’em, or holdem) is a variation of the standard card game of poker. Games like Poker is a family of games that exhibit imperfect information, where players do not have full knowledge of past events. Whereas many perfect-information games have been solved since a long time (e.g., Connect Four and checkers), no nontrivial imperfect-information game played competitively by humans has previously been solved. But this has recenlty been solved too : a team managed to completely caracterise optimal strategies in all the possible configurations of the game (See « Heads-up limit hold’em poker is solved« ).

Should we worry?

This would certainly not reduce the attractiveness of those games for human being: it’s not because we invented cars that we stopped walking nor running. But the areas where human are still stronger that the machine tends to be reduced more and more. We still have a big adventage: the supercalculator in our brain is only consuming 50 W, which is 1 billion times less than our computers.

finger me Artificial Intelligence

But maybe the first intelligent species that the human will meet is one that he will create himself …

La force du réseau familial

Sens de la famille

J’ai la chance d’avoir grandi dans une grande famille. Mais que veux vraiment dire ce mot « famille » ? Oui, Je suis né dans une famille, avec deux parents, et plusieurs frères et soeurs. Mais est-ce que c’est tout? Est-ce que la famille se résume à ça? En tout cas, la famille est une des seules chose que j’ai reçu dès ma naissance et que j’aurais toujours. Voici donc une petite réflexion sur ma vision de la famille.

La famille c’est avant tout mes frères et soeurs avec qui j’ai grandi et qui m’ont suivi tout au long de ces années. Comme petit dernier ils m’ont inspirés, guidés, énervés, mais j’ai également des souvenirs extra avec eux. C’est donc aussi avec eux que j’ai le lien le plus proche.

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Un soutien

C’est ensuite mes oncles et tantes qui m’ont soutenus, encouragés, conseillés. Je les ai vu quelques fois par an pour certains, moins souvent pour d’autres, mais ils ont toujours été là en toile de fond et savaient globalement ce que je devenais. En cas de besoin je savais que je pouvais toujours sonner à leur porte pour un conseil.

Puis, environ au même niveau, se situe le cercle des cousins qu’on voit 2 fois par an pour certains, plus pour d’autres en fonction des affinités. On passe des bons moments ensemble, on partage et on échange. Souvent on se rapproche plus des cousins de la même tranche d’âge quand on est jeune, mais avec les années on tisse aussi des liens avec les plus jeunes et les plus âgés.

Un réseau

Un peu plus loin il y a la famille plus large qu’on ne connaît pas très bien. Souvent on entend parler de « cousins » car on nous demande si on connaît pas untel parce qu’il porte le même nom que nous… mais on ne voit pas qui c’est. Pourtant ça nous permet de les suivre de loin et de se dire qu’on a quand même une famille pleine de personnalités différentes avec des gens qui font plein de trucs chouettes et qu’on mériterait à mieux connaître.

On ne peut pas toujours connaître tous les liens familiaux qui nous unissent et les arbres généalogiques nous perdent rapidement. Pourtant il y a quelque chose qui nous rassemble car nous partageons d’une certaine manière un passé commun. Et c’est ça qui nous amène à la force d’une famille au sens large.

Maintenir le lien

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Aujourd’hui j’ai choisi de ne plus laisser les choses au hasard. Nous sommes tous plein de ressources, d’idées et de potentiel. Et nous avons quelque chose de fort qui nous relie, certes intangible, ce sont les valeurs que nous ont partagés nos ancêtres communs.

Je veux à leur image pouvoir être un maillon de la chaine. Même si nous sommes dans un monde complexe et que seul on se sent parfois un peu démuni. Je pense que c’est en famille que nous pouvons faire quelque chose.

Un réseau familial

Je suis convaincu que nous gagnons à mieux nous connaître et à plus interagir ensemble. Savoir ce que nos cousins font et pouvoir puiser dans les innombrables talents que la famille regroupe est une aubaine. C’est en partageant nos expériences de vie que cela est possible.

La famille n’est pas seulement un groupe de personnes dont on ne connait pas tout le monde mais qui portent le même nom que nous. C’est aussi un réseau de gens auquel on peut faire appel quand on a besoin. Que ce soit :

  • Pour un conseil spécifique et professionnel
  • Pour visiter une nouvelle ville / région / pays
  • Pour partager une passion

C’est en renforçant et en maintenant les relations entre générations qu’on peut tisser ces liens et y puiser des relations formidables.

Je pense donc que nous devons cultiver ces relations. Même si ce n’est pas toujours évident car le temps et la distance nous sépare, mais la technologie et internet nous rapproche ! C’est donc devenu facile d’envoyer des nouvelles de temps en temps, de se connecter sur Facebook ou LinkedIn ou de profiter d’un passage dans la région pour dire bonjour.

En ce début d’année ou ma famille grandi encore un peu avec mon fils qui vient de naître, voici un bon engagement à prendre.

Business management for human beings

Building companies fit for the future is building companies for human beings

Employee centric management

Management innovation can only be done by challenging current approaches. How many times did you heard about « customer first », « customer is king », … Are we sure this is the only way? Is this always the right way? It is certainly a good way to do business because it has been proven by lots of successful businesses.

What about the employee? Do we care about him? Why is « burnout » employees the new normal? Why do most companies squeeze their human resources as much as possible before changing them? What is the root of this problem? Maybe they squeeze their employees because they know that their employees will leave at some point … why? Because we don’t care about them !!

What if one tries to put the employee first? A happy employee will do a better work and serve the customer better. He will also stay longer, keep and develop his knowledge and develop confidence around him about the product. Worth trying huh!?

Well apparently this is something that some companies start to try. And I think it could become a new standard !! There is no reason to continue squeezing employees … there is no reason working becomes unhealthy !! Have a look at the video below to get convinced 🙂

Have also a look on some interesting comments in the feed of the video here.

Business creativity

But what about motivation? Most common beliefs are that the more you reward people, the more people will be motivated. And this is apparently true, but not in any situation. This is only true for mechanical tasks. When it comes to creativity, it’s another story.

Surprisingly money don’t make people more creative !! You have to give them free time and confort ! So guess what? We are again speaking about caring about your employees if you want more creativity in your work environment. This is aligned !!

So keep in mind that customer satisfaction is key for business, but employee satisfaction is key for survival !! Which one is the most important? I don’t know ! But make sure you keep both on top of your priorities as a business leader.